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 Afghan deformities increasing

اذهب الى الأسفل 
كاتب الموضوعرسالة
Dr.Hannani Maya
المشرف العام
المشرف العام

الدولة : العراق
الجنس : ذكر
عدد المساهمات : 41638
مزاجي : أحب المنتدى
تاريخ التسجيل : 21/09/2009
الابراج : الجوزاء
التوقيت :

مُساهمةموضوع: Afghan deformities increasing    الجمعة 01 أبريل 2011, 04:47

Afghan deformities increasing

The number of children born in Afghanistan with misshapen limbs and other deformities is increasing, doctors say, with several blaming intermarriage, drug use and chemicals contained in coalition weapons.There are no exact statistics of the number of children born with disabilities, but anecdotal evidence from hospitals in Kabul and the provinces suggests it is increasing.

Dr. Trina Yadgari, an obstetrician at Istiqlal Hospital in Kabul, said that in 2008, 16 out of 3,700 children born at the hospital had some sort of birth defect, while in 2009 there were 4,000 births and 34 birth defects.She said most of the deformities happen in insecure provinces, blaming suicide attacks, mine blasts and bombardments.

Constant attacks can traumatise a woman which could cause her to give birth to a child with deformities, but also, chemical substances used in weapons can be poisonous and, if inhaled by pregnant women, can cause defects in the womb.Other factors causing birth abnormalities include violence, marriage between family members, anaemia, malnutrition and drug and cigarette use.

She advised pregnant women to consult with a health specialist, eat a varied and healthy diet and avoid taking un-prescribed medication.Dr. Maroof Sami, an obstetrician at the Malalai Maternity Hospital in Kabul, said out of 20,000 children born at the hospital in 2008, 216 had some disability, while in 2009, there were 22,000 births and 280 had birth defects.

He said there had not been enough research into the influence of chemicals in weapons to know if that was the main cause of abnormalities.However, he cited violence against women during pregnancy, un-prescribed medication, stress, smoking and drugs as causes of birth defects.Statistics from the provinces also show that the number of babies born with defects has increased.

Mohammad Daoud Farhad, head doctor at Mirwais Hospital in the southern province of Kandahar, said most deformities happened in remote areas. He said that in 2008, nine babies were born with deformities, while in 2009, there were 12.He mentioned intermarriage, poor nutrition and drug taking as contributory factors, but said that the main cause in Kandahar was the chemicals used in explosives.

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Iraqi's Try to Build Lives in Jordan

Some pleasant memories of Essam Ali’s Iraqi homeland still seep into his mind. He remembers the summer of 1985, for instance, when, surrounded by forests and friends, he trained in mime and pantomime in Mosul, Iraq, from dusk until dawn. Throughout that summer, until September, he seldom returned to his home in Baghdad.

Now he never returns. He does not own a home. His life is defined by his status as a temporary migrant here, his days unplanned, his meals sporadic, his cellphone on standby, waiting to hear if he is eligible for resettlement.“The first mime play I directed, wrote and performed in Jordan was called ‘The Thief and the Butterfly’ against the backdrop of Tchaikovsky’s music,” Mr. Ali, 48, recalled as he sat recently in a cold and cramped art studio in Amman.

Millions of Iraqis fled the violence after the Iraq war began in 2003 and most have landed in Jordan, Syria or other countries in the region. There are nearly 450,000 Iraqis in Jordan, according to a survey conducted by the Norwegian research institute Fafo in 2007, though the United Nations cites a lower number.“It’s very important for us to know the number of Iraqis that are vulnerable, that are known to us, and that number is around 32,000,” said Imran Riza, the United Nations refugee agency representative in Jordan.

What is certain is that for many Iraqis, Jordan has become a temporary home as they wait to return to Iraq, seek asylum in a third country, or pay their way to find a more permanent residence. But many Iraqis here are doing a lot more than waiting. And although they came from all sectors of society and many different economic backgrounds, a particular group — artists, musicians, actors, fashion designers, writers and intellectuals — have achieved a certain prominence in Jordan, participating in art exhibitions or getting parts in films shot here, including “The Hurt Locker,” which won six Academy Awards last year.

“You needed of course actors who can play secondary roles with the Iraqi accent and people to tell them that this looks like an Iraqi city,” said Nada Doumani, communication and culture manager for the Royal Film Commission.

Over the years, Iraqis have participated in workshops and there have been Iraqi film screenings, she said. “We also worked with Mohamed al-Daradji who made the film ‘Son of Babylon.’ We did a workshop for young Iraqis and Jordanians,” she said, “and they worked on one film and Daradji was their mentor.” Mr. Daraji, a Dutch-Iraqi director, made “Son of Babylon” last year.

Lutfiya al-Dulaimi, an Iraqi novelist, arrived in Jordan in 2006 after receiving death threats from extremists in Iraq. She considers Amman her home for now. Her recently published book “Women Removed,” translated into English by John Peate, is a novel in which the central character suffers from a brutal attack and home invasion in Baghdad.

The author writes about the character’s pain of exile: “Distance wiped away cities and people from our minds. There was no trace of Baghdad here, no trace of its smells and its sufferings, nothing. A little piece of paper had changed us from fugitive citizens into refugees abroad, meeting one another in the winds of fear, splintered and dispersed in frosty cities.”

Hind Khaled began receiving death threats and fled to Jordan in 2006 after she worked as a television presenter and journalist. Today, she is a television presenter for Al Sharqiya, an Iraqi-based television station in Amman.“I’ve done shows about tourism in Jordan and I’ve covered Iraqi refugee issues here,” she said. “Even if I go somewhere far from here, one day I will return to Baghdad,” Ms. Khaled said. “I will return to its neighborhoods and streets to tell the world about its people.”

The Orfali art gallery in Amman is known to feature Iraqi artists and was established by an Iraqi art collector, Inaam Orfali. When the gallery was first established in 1993, said Rana Snober, its chief executive and daughter of Ms. Orfali, Jordanians were not too enthusiastic about abstract art, but she has seen them become more appreciative.

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Dozens killed on Tikrit council

At least 45 people have been killed by gunmen wearing military uniforms and suicide bomb belts who stormed a local government headquarters in Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikrit.

A government spokesman said that among those who died were 15 hostages who were executed before their captors blew themselves up.The attackers set off car bombs, explosive belts and hand grenades as they stormed into the building and took hostages, according to local officials. Among the dead were three provincial council members and an Iraqi journalist.

A further 65 people were wounded during the siege, which was eventually brought to an end by security forces after several hours. Seven gunmen are also believed to have been killed.Salahuddin province media adviser Muhammad al-Asi said the attackers shot their hostages in the head as security forces closed in. Three local council members were among them.

Al-Asi said he saw the bodies as they were taken from the scene at the provincial council headquarters.Salahuddin governor, Ahmed Abdullah, described a fierce shootout between at least eight gunmen, who took over the council headquarters' second floor, and Iraqi security forces who surrounded the building. He said the attackers were hurling grenades at Iraqi forces.

Among the dead was freelance journalist Sabah al-Bazi, 30, who worked for al-Arabiya satellite TV channel as well as Reuters and CNN.A senior intelligence official in Baghdad blamed al-Qaida in Iraq for the attack."The goal of the attackers was apparently to take hostages," Salahuddin government spokesman Ali al-Saleh said. At least some officials and government employees escaped, he said.

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Afghan deformities increasing
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