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 Stress illness studied

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كاتب الموضوعرسالة
Dr.Hannani Maya
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الدولة : العراق
الجنس : ذكر
عدد المساهمات : 37598
مزاجي : أحب المنتدى
تاريخ التسجيل : 21/09/2009
الابراج : الجوزاء
التوقيت :

مُساهمةموضوع: Stress illness studied    الثلاثاء 30 أغسطس 2011, 1:43 am

Stress illness studied



The impact of high levels of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in NI is to be examined in a new study.The rate of PTSD in Northern Ireland has been shown to be among the highest in the world and is often attributed to the impact of the Troubles.Findings and recommendations from the research project will inform the development of the new Victims and Survivors Service.The new service is due to become operational in April 2012.

Senior psychology lecturer at the University of Ulster, Siobhan O'Neill, said the research would help identify the best way to meet the psychological and physical needs of victims and survivors of the conflict."This will provide significant new information about experiences of traumatic events and the level of mental health problems among members of the public adversely affected by the Troubles," she said.

"The research will also provide more information about their experiences of getting mental health-related services, including the impact of delays in receiving treatment."Victims Commissioner Patricia McBride welcomed the project and said her organisation had identified health and well-being as a priority for the psychological wellbeing of victims and survivors.

The BBC



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Defense blames PTSD for death



An Iraq war veteran facing a possible death sentence for the death of his 10-month-old stepdaughter was suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder and was self-medicating with alcohol and prescription painkillers when he beat her to death inside their Raleigh home nearly two years ago, his defense attorney told jurors Monday.

Attorney Thomas Manning said that Cheyenne Emery Yarley's death was a "perfect storm" of substance abuse and PTSD that "blew up" as Joshua Andrew Stepp tried to quiet and comfort the crying child."This attack was a singularity in Josh Stepp's existence. That's what the evidence will show," Manning said. "Never before had it happened – had anything happened."Stepp, 28, is on trial for first-degree murder and first-degree sex offense in Cheyenne's Nov. 8, 2009, death. He called 911, saying she had choked on toilet paper, but an autopsy found she died of abusive head trauma.

Prosecutors said in opening statements that Stepp sexually assaulted, beat, shook and slammed the girl's face into the carpet while her mother was at work, leaving her face like a "grotesque scarlet mask.""There was a constellation of injuries inflicted upon this child over an hour – not a moment, not a second, but an hour," Wake County Assistant District Attorney Adam Moyers said. "He was supposed to take care of her, and he murdered her."

There was no indication that she choked on toilet paper, and Stepp's story that she had also fallen off a couch and suffered a rug burn didn't make sense to first responders."The suffering was such that this baby girl, who barely had teeth, bit her own tongue, lacerating it," Moyers said. "The physical damage to her brain was more than her life could sustain."There was also evidence of sexual assault, Moyers said, and blood on Stepp's underwear matched Cheyenne's.

The defense disputed the sex assault charge, saying there were no internal injuries and no blood or DNA on Stepp's body. The injuries that the state contends are signs of sexual abuse, Manning said, happened while his client was changing a dirty diaper."There's no dispute that (Stepp) injured this child and that his infliction of injuries killed this child. The 'why of it' is very much the issue," Manning said.

Stepp had been an infantryman and weapons expert with the U.S. Army and was training soldiers in the Iraqi military when members of his unit were killed by an improvised explosive device, Manning said, and Stepp had to help collect the body parts of his fellow soldiers."He never complained … but along the way, as a result of things that happened earlier in his life and while in the Army, he developed the symptoms of PTSD," Manning said.

Instead of seeking treatment at a VA hospital, he turned to alcohol and painkillers."He was trying to get back into the Army, and he was managing whatever was wrong with him – and doing quite well," Manning said.Stepp had been drinking heavily and taken four painkillers on Nov. 8, 2009, when his wife went to work, leaving him to care for the child.

"There's no excusing what happened, certainly, and there is no pity being asked here," Manning said. "But understanding what happened and why – and getting it right and finding the correct crime, which Josh Stepp has committed, is very much at issue.""When all the evidence is in from the state," he continued, "we're going to be asking you to convict him of the offense, which the evidence and all of the evidence supports, not what the state contends."

Reporter: Kelly Gardner,
WRAL News


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The List Project helps thousands



Several years ago, west suburban native Kirk Johnson, a former USAID official in Baghdad and Fallujah, received a call for help from a former colleague.

Johnson’s colleague, Yaghdan Hameid, worked with him at USAID in 2005 and was receiving death threats in Iraq. His life in danger, Hameid tried desperately to leave the country for the U.S, but he couldn't get anywhere. The complicated and convoluted process of earning refugee status in the U.S. was too slow and unresponsive.

So Johnson stepped in.

In December 2006, Johnson penned an op-ed in the Los Angeles Times that garnered the attention of his former colleagues and other U.S. government employees in the Middle East. They recognized Hameid’s struggle through their own work with Iraqi civilians and reached out to Johnson for help.“They all started sending me their info,” Johnson said.

Soon thereafter, the List Project was born.

Today, The List Project bills itself as the home of "the largest list of Iraqis who are imperiled because they helped America." The non-profit's purpose is to aid in the resettling of Iraqis whose lives are endangered as a result of their aid and service to the U.S. - through the military, private contractors, the State Department, NGO's or media outlets.“We’re getting new applicants to the list every hour at this point - more than we can handle," Johnson told Jerome McDonnell during an interview on WBEZ's Worldview.

In response to the growing number of civilians in Iraq and Afghanistan whose lives were in danger because of their work with Americans, the U.S. government instituted the Special Immigrant Visa program in 2008. It supposedly allows 5,000 Iraqi refugees who worked with U.S. forces and contractors to resettle in the U.S. each year.

“That program -- as excited as we were when it was established -- has been an utter failure,” Johnson said. He said that only a small percentage of Iraqis who meet the program’s requirements have been allowed to settle in the United States. If implemented to its fullest, Johnson said, the Special Immigrant Visa program could clear his list of almost 3,000 Iraqis and still have placement spots available.

For many, the process is extremely frustrating. In addition to letters of recommendation, each candidate must have a professional email for the Americans with whom they worked.“It’s absurdity for anyone who wades into this mess,” Johnson said. If they don’t have the correct email from a job from five or six years ago, they won’t qualify, he added. “All of these people have ID badges and have undergone polygraph tests. These are the most well-documented refugees in the history of refugees.”

Much of the hold-up for these refugees is due to security concerns. Earlier this year, two Iraqi refugees were arrested in Kentucky on charges they planned to send weapons to insurgents in Iraq. The safety concern, Johnson said, could be alleviated if the government relocates refugees to somewhere like Guam before clearing them to enter the country. This idea is nothing new. After the first Gulf War, some 6,000 Iraqi Kurds were brought to Guam.

It’s a matter of the Obama administration making refugee protection a priority, said Johnson.“Do you think people were happy about bringing over Vietnamese refugees after that war?” Johnson asked. “But we did it, because our president said we have to do this.”

As the U.S. prepares to drastically reduce its troop presence in Iraq by the end of the year, time is of the essence. As Johnson explained, you don’t need a vivid imagination to imagine what will happen to those who worked with the U.S. when the troops leave.“We finally have a window of time to prevent a massacre from happening,” he said. But, he added, “We have zero contingency plans to protect these Iraqis.”

by
Worldview
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Stress illness studied
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