Ancient Complex Discovered Near
Biblical Birthplace Of Abraham In Southern Iraqتكبير الصورةتصغير الصورة معاينة الأبعاد الأصلية.
The Huffington Post
By Meredith Bennett-Smith
A huge complex uncovered near what some believe to
be the Biblical birthplace of Abraham is exciting researchers who for years were
unable to investigate the region.
The site was discovered by a team of British
archeologists working at Tell Khaiber in southern Iraq, near the ancient city of
Ur, according to the Associated Press.
Stuart Campbell, a professor of Near Eastern
Archaeology at Manchester University and head of its Department of Archeology,
told the AP that the site is unusual because it's so large. (It's about the size
of a football field.)تكبير الصورةتصغير الصورة معاينة الأبعاد الأصلية.
This is a breathtaking find and we feel
privileged to be the first to work at this important site," Campbell said,
according to Phys.org. "The surrounding countryside, now arid and desolate, was
the birthplace of cities and of civilization about 5,000 years ago and home to
the Sumerians and the later Babylonians."
Discovery of the site was first made via
satellite, according to Phys.org, followed by a geographical survey and trial
excavations. Campbell said the site is provisionally dated to 2,000 B.C.
In an email to The Huffington Post, Campbell said
researchers will use modern technology to help better understand that time
Because of the gap in archaeological work in this
region, any new knowledge is important to archaeologists in this area – and this
find has the potential to really move forward our understanding of the first
city-states," Campbell wroteNational Geographic notes that Ur probably
originated "sometime in the fifth millennium B.C." and was discovered in the
1920s and 1930s after an expedition. Once a commercial hub, Ur is also believed
by many Biblical scholars to be the birthplace of Abraham.
Abraham, a descendant of Noah, is often described
as the "spiritual father of Jews, Christians, and Muslims," Slate notes. The Old
Testament includes references to Abraham's family members and a place called Ur
of the Chaldeans. Some scholars have pointed to this as evidence that Ur was
once Abraham's home.
Campbell notes that there are alternative theories
to Abraham's birthplace, although Ur is commonly identified as the site. The
archeologist added that his team is still excavating the complex.
The fact that Campbell's team was able to work at
the site at all is good news for researchers. For decades, culturally rich sites
like Ur lay untouched due to unrest. Some sites were looted, and other damaged
by war, according to USA Today.