Syria rebels have lost Qusayr
battleSyrian troops overrun Qusayr after blistering offensive
spearheaded by thousands of Hezbollah fighters.
lost a strategic cityMiddle East Online DAMASCUS:
Syria's army has overrun the strategic
town of Qusayr, state media said on Wednesday, after a blistering offensive
spearheaded by thousands of fighters from Lebanon's Hezbollah movement.
Such a major battlefield success for President
Bashar al-Assad's forces, if confirmed, would come as officials from Russia, the
US and the UN gathered in Geneva to work on a peace conference amid fresh
allegations that the Damascus regime has used chemical weapons.
The Syrian army totally controls the Qusayr
region in Homs province after killing a large number of terrorists and capturing
others," state television report said, using the regime's terminology for the
Official news agency Sana said the army had
"reestablished total security in the town of Qusayr," while Hezbollah's Al-Manar
television, which has a correspondent on the ground, said the rebels had fled
Syria's rebels conceded they had lost the battle
for the strategic town.
Assad forces and Hezbollah fighters launched an
offensive to retake the Qusayr region on the Lebanese border, on May 19.
Rebels fighting to retain control of the town,
only some 10 kilometres (six miles) from the frontier, were later joined by
hundreds of reinforcements from Lebanon, most close to the Muslim
That lead to pitched battles in which civilians,
many of them wounded, became trapped.
Doctors had appealed for the Red Cross to be
allowed in to treat the wounded, but Syrian officials said this would only be
permitted once the rebels had been defeated.
Civilians who had managed to flee Qusayr described
it as "a ghost town, heavily damaged and filled with the sound of bombs," the UN
refugee agency UNHCR said on Tuesday.
Those who had escaped were mainly women and
children, because men risked being killed at checkpoints, said spokeswoman
Control of Qusayr is vital for the rebels as it is
their principal transit point for weapons and fighters from Lebanon.
It is also strategic for the regime because it is
located on the road linking Damascus with the coast, its rear base.
On the diplomatic front, officials meeting in
Geneva hope to hammer out terms to get Assad's camp and the rebels to negotiate
directly for the first time.
The meeting comes a day after France said it had
proof that Assad's regime had used the deadly nerve agent sarin gas in Syria's
Earlier, a UN report said there were "reasonable
grounds" to believe that both sides in Syria had used chemical weapons.
However, Washington said it needed more evidence
before concluding that sarin had been used.
French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius told France
2 television: "We have no doubt that the gas is being used. The conclusion of
the laboratory is clear: there is sarin gas."
Experts had analysed samples brought back from
Syria, he said. They had sent their results to United Nations experts
investigating the issue.Earlier, Fabius had said in a statement: "France
is now certain that sarin gas has been used in Syria several times and in a
It did not say who had used the gas, but in a
televised interview later, Fabius said that in at least one case, there was "no
doubt that it was the regime and its accomplices".
A line has been indisputably breached... We must
react, but at the same time we must not block an eventual peace conference," he
Washington and Moscow are trying to get the regime
and opposition together to negotiate a way out of the war, which has cost more
than 94,000 lives in 26 months of fighting.
But a tentative date for the conference, initially
planned for early June, has slipped back into July amid wrangling over the exact
guest list and agenda.
The White House reacted cautiously to the latest
allegations of chemical warfare: they wanted to know more before concluding such
weapons had been used.
We need to expand the evidence we have... before
we make any decision," said spokesman Jay Carney. President Barack Obama has
said that the use of the deadly nerve agent would be a "game-changer" for
In Geneva, the Commission of Inquiry on Syria said
on Tuesday that "there are reasonable grounds to believe that chemical agents
have been used as weapons."
It was the first time it had made such an
Most of the incidents concerned their use by
government forces, it said in its report to the UN Human Rights Council.
The conflict in Syria has reached new levels of
brutality," it added.
Government forces and their militia had committed
"murder, torture, rape... and other inhumane acts" against civilians.
Rebel groups had also committed war crimes
including murder, torture, hostage-taking and pillage, but on a lesser scale, it
It called on Syria to let UN investigators in to
check for the possible use of chemical weapons, something the regime has so far